draculathe novel by Bram Stoker, was published on April 26, 1897 to change the history of horror literature forever.
draculathe vampire novel written by bram stoker, is synonymous with horror, eroticism and a legend that has spread to the present day since it was published in 1897. This novel has been one of the most adapted to the cinema, but it has also been taken to the theater with notable success. meet some interesting facts and facts about draculaone of the most famous horror novels in the history of literature.
Tentative titles before Dracula
In early drafts of the novel, the title was Count Wampyr. The possibility of calling her The undead dead. However, Bram Stoker came across the story of Vlad the Impaler.
Thanks to this character he was inspired to invent the personality of the Count Draculawhose name literally means “Son of the Dragon”. Thus was born one of the most famous literary characters of the entire nineteenth century.
Before its publication, it was the theater
The first theatrical adaptation of Dracula was staged before the novel was published. This is because Bram Stoker was heavily involved in the theater industry and wanted to publicize his book.
Likewise, his objective was to secure the copyright of his creation. dracula was published on May 26, 1897but eight days before, the May 18The theatrical performance took place.
Take off thanks to the cinema
dracula It wasn’t an instant hit when it was released, though it didn’t go unnoticed. That same year of 1897, another horror book outsold it: The beetleof Richard Marsh.
In fact, they were the film adaptations the ones that gave rise to Bram Stoker’s book. The first one (although not an official adaptation) is the cult classic Nosferatuof FW Murnau.
From this tape came many more that over the years have done nothing but give Count Dracula more life and power. He is currently the most filmed fictional character in history, surpassing even Sherlock Holmes, of Arthur Conan Doyle.
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a royal experience
One of the most famous scenes in dracula is when the vampire Lucy Westenra is killed by her suitor when he drive a stake through the heart. Some biographers of Stoker mention that he may have been inspired by an experience lived by one of his neighbors: the poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti (who, by the way, was the nephew of John Polidorisecretary of lord byron and author of the famous story “The Vampire”).
When Rossetti’s wife, Elizabeth Siddal, died in 1862, the poet put a diary of love poems in the coffin of his beloved, winding it in her red hair. Some years later, in 1869, he changed his mind and the coffin was opened in the middle of the night to retrieve the book.
The creepy exhumation (part of Siddal’s hair came off in Rossetti’s hands) may have influenced Stoker to write Lucy’s chilling death scene.
Bram Stoker’s Charming Boss: Possible Influence
Henry Irvinga renowned actor and owner of the Lyceum Theater From london, was Stoker’s boss for nearly 30 years. Stoker was Irving’s business manager, press agent, and secretary. Some critics have suggested that Irving’s personality inspired Stoker to draw the character of Dracula.
In a review of A Biography of the Author of Dracula (Dracula Author Biography) by Barbara Belford in the Chicago TribunePenelope Mesic wrote:
Here, Belford suggests, was the tall, flamboyant, mesmerizing aristocratic figure, with the fiery eyes and elegant long hands, whose selfishness and charm Stoker transplanted into the sexually ambiguous figure who could drain the life out of those around him. and yet exercise a fascination that made the soul-destroying experience pleasurable.”