Although Bram Stoker gave him literary brilliance, Vampire legends have dominated human history since ancient times, with special emphasis on the Middle Ages.. His importance in popular culture led Descartes and Voltaire to opine on the existence of the undead, until In the 18th century, romanticism and the Gothic novel would cause a veritable explosion in which dracula will be the model to follow although the literary universe was populated by many other vampires.
It also explains that the cycle Cinematic Encyclopedia of Vampirism, which takes place at the Teatro San Martín, has had a long duration and is also only the first part of a compendium that will be completed next year. Since the beginning of cinema, Georges Mélies through, the stories of these bloodthirsty creatures have nourished the big screen, and there is no doubt that they will continue to do so.
A handful of irreplaceable classics dominate the vampire universe of the last month of exhibitions of the cycle organized by the Fundación Cinemateca Argentina and the Ministry of Culture of Buenos Aires in the Sala Leopoldo Lugones (Corrientes 1530), with the collaboration of the Goethe-Institut Buenos Aires, during the weekends. Of the programming offered by the Lugones room, six can also be seen on platforms, which add up to a generous and attractive offer of other vampires available by streaming.
Dance of the Vampires (UK, 1967)
With the certainty that a comedy about vampires could be made without forgetting the share of terror, Roman PolanskWith this, i makes his first color film, which is a clear homage to the genre. Professor Abronsius and his assistant Alfred arrive to investigate the presence of vampires in a remote area. They stay at an inn where Alfred (Roman Polanski) falls in love with Sara (Sharon Tate), but she disappears and rumor has it that she was kidnapped by vampires leading to Count von Krolock’s castle.
Daughters of Darkness (Belgium, France, West Germany, 1971)
With the protagonist of A year ago in Marienbad, the French Delphine Seyrig, the Canadian Danielle Ouimet, the American John Karlen and the German Andrea Rau, the director Harry Kümel made only two films within the genre, in the same year. This unique production is a mixture of a vampire film and an erotic thriller, where two newlyweds travel to the East to meet his mother and stay at a hotel where they find Countess Bathory, who will seek by seduction to convert the young in her maiden.
Rabies (Canada, 1977)
David Cronenberg’s film, for which he won the award for best screenplay and best visual effects at the Sitges festival, shows that the vampire myth can have other readings and reworkings, such as the story of Rose, who suffers a motorcycle accident, and subjected to a surgical intervention, a synthetic skin is grafted that awakens in her the uncontrollable drive for human blood. It was originally going to be starred by Sissy Spacek, but finally the main role was given to the porn actress Marilyn Chambers.
Ganja and Hess (United States, 1973)
Before, Bill Gunn had had a daily presence on American TV in series like Route 66, Heading for the unknown, Cipol’s agent either tarzan, but in 1973 he directed this film that took him to the Cannes Film Festival and was chosen as one of the ten American films of the decade. An archaeologist oversees the excavation of a site when he is attacked by an assistant who later commits suicide. But the germs on the knife used as a weapon cause the wounds to heal and also make Dr. Green desperate for human blood.
Dracula (United States, 1931)
This film turned the vampire genre into a cult movie, allowed Universal to develop an extensive gallery of epoch-making horror movies, and made Bela Lugosi a world star inexorably associated with the bloodsucking vampire. It was also the first film that could officially adapt the novel by Bram Stoker, since Nosferatu (1922), by Murnau, did not have the rights of the writer’s widow. A good time to celebrate 90 years of a classic of the genre.
Valeria and the week of wonders (Czechoslovakia, 1970)
Soviet tanks had already passed through Prague and Czechoslovakia was experiencing a state of political repression that did not prevent Jaromil Jires from adapting Vitezslav Nezval’s novel with the story of Valeria, who lives with her grandmother in a medieval town while she dreams of finding love. But a vampire also walks the streets. Surreal and extraordinary visual work to explain the transition from childhood to adolescence in a fairy tale with great beauty and also terror.
The day brought darkness (Argentina, 2013)
Martín Desalvo adds to the meager national production that he drank in the genre with a unique proposal developed in a small town, but far from the spectacular gore rests on the subtle atmospheres that explain the supernatural. For the rest, that small town faces an outbreak of rabies and Anabel arrives in a faint at her cousin Virginia’s. The solid performances of Romina Paula and Mora Recalde complete the mystery quota. He was part of the Sala Lugones cycle and can be seen via streaming.
Nosferatu (Germany, 1922)
Adaptation of Bram Stoker’s novel not authorized by his widow, who won a lawsuit ordering the destruction of all copies. Its distribution allowed a handful of them to survive and be recognized as one of the best vampire movies of all time and a masterpiece of German expressionism. The movie changed the names of the characters (the Count was renamed Orlok), but not his iconic Transylvania. To add gruesomeness to his path, in 2015 the tomb of FW Murnau, its director, was desecrated and his skull stolen. He was part of the Sala Lugones cycle.
Interview with the Vampire (United States, 1994)
Directed by Neil Jordan, based on the novel by Ann Rice, it tells the story of Lestat de Lioncourt and his encounter with Louis de Pointe du Lac and how he became a vampire at the end of the 18th century, including in his course the encounter with a passing girl to be part of the clan. All related in the middle of the 20th century by Lestat to a journalist who is too fascinated with history. With Tom Cruise, Brad Pitt, Christian Slater, Kirsten Dunst and Antonio Banderas, it is one of the recent classics of the genre along with dracula, by Francis Ford Coppola.
Dracula, by Bram Stoker (United States, 1992)
It revisits the vampire myth but in a romantic key Francis Ford Coppola’s film has been a cult object almost since its premiere. With a soundtrack by the great Polish composer Wojciech Kilar, which became a powerful leitmotif, and a cast made up of Gary Oldman, Winona Ryder, Keanu Reeves, Antony Hopkins and even singer-songwriter Tom Waits, as Reinfeld. Even with its multiple licenses, it is one of the best adaptations of Stoker’s novel to the big screen and a film that can always be seen again.
Cuadecuc, vampire (Spain, 1972)
Made by the great master of Catalan cinema, Pere Portabella, it pretends to be just a making-of of the movie count dracula, shot two years earlier by Jesús Franco. But the film, in addition to being a documentary about the filming of Franco’s (Jesús) unique proposal, is also a clear x-ray of the cinema shot on the margins of the system imposed by Franco (Francisco), in times when everything that seemed avant-garde it was prohibited. With a subtle handling of black and white, the film shot in 16mm only reached theaters 38 years later.
Vampires, by John Carpenter (United States, 1998)
John Carpenter’s film adapts the novel vampire$by John Steakley, and navigated between a proposal with nods to class B cinema and a large-scale production mainly by virtue of its stellar cast that included the names of James Woods, Daniel Baldwin, Sheryl Lee, and Maximilian Schell. Defined as a western with vampires, everything begins when a group of Vatican-backed hunters arrive at an abandoned house in New Mexico to start a new anti-vampire raid, but fail to find the most powerful vampire.
Dracula, Prince of Darkness (UK, 1966)
A film about Dracula almost without the character of Dracula is the realization that Terence Fisher finalized as a farewell to his union with the vampire behind the scenes. In this return, Christopher Lee appears in only five scenes, and yet he is much more than just Dracula’s Brideswhen it never appears. Here the Abbot of Kleinberg urges some expedition members not to continue with their journey; the Kents follow, although the terrified coachman abandons them in the middle of the woods. But they will not be alone, a carriage rescues them and takes them to Count Dracula’s castle.
Cirque du freak – The Vampire’s Apprentice (United States, 2009)
Darren is a good boy and a good student until he comes across a circus with very strange characteristics that he is invited to join, not knowing that this circus is run by vampires. Directed by Paul Weitz, it is a revisit to the adolescent vampire comedy genre that had a great classic in the eighties as it was Don’t let mom find out and new energy with the saga Twilight. Chris Massoglia stars in the story where Willem Dafoe and John C. Reilly stand out as the other vampires.
The Vampire (Italy, 1957)
It was started by Riccardo Freda, who left the set on the last day of shooting, and was replaced by Giallo’s talented father Mario Bava. The story presents a series of crimes where young women are found without traces of blood, which leads a journalist to investigate the cases and investigate the strange Du Grand family in Paris at the end of the fifties. It was the last film that Freda made with the protagonist Gianna Maria Canale, for which the director had left his wife and gone to live in Brazil.
Dracula (UK, 1958)
As fundamental as the version of nine decades ago with Bela Lugosi, is the one that Terence Fisher made concrete on British soil at the end of the 50s. It is so because he managed to revitalize a genre that had languished through a shrewd combination of eroticism and explicit blood that it raised Christopher Lee to stardom and to repeat the role of Count Dracula several times, like the no less odd Peter Cushing to mimic Doctor Van Helsing. An inescapable classic that brought gothic horror back to the screen and brought Hammer Films to the fore.